Kali Linux信息收集之dnstracer

0x00 dnstracer介绍

dnstracer用于获取给定主机名从给定域名服务器(DNS)的信息,并跟随DNS服务器链得到权威结果。

工具来源:http://www.mavetju.org/unix/general.php

dnstracer主页 | Kali dnstracer Repo仓库

  • 作者:Edwin Groothuis
  • 证书:BSD

0x01 dnstracer功能

dnstracer - 跟踪到源的DNS查询工具

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[email protected]:~# dnstracer
DNSTRACER version 1.8.1 - (c) Edwin Groothuis - http://www.mavetju.org
用法: dnstracer [选项] [主机名]
-c: 禁用本地缓存,默认启用
-C: 启用负缓存,默认禁用
-o: 启用返回结果的概述,默认禁用
-q <querytype>: DNS请求查询类型,默认为A
-r <retries>: DNS请求的重试次数,默认值3
-s <server>: 使用此服务器的初始请求,默认localhost,如果指定将使用A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
-t <maximum timeout>: 限制每次尝试等待的时间
-v: 显示详细
-S <ip address>: 使用这个IP作为源地址
-4: 不查询IPv6服务器

0x02 dnstracer用法示例

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[email protected]:~# dnstracer -q mx -r 1 -t 10 -v www.harvard.edu
Tracing to www.harvard.edu[#mx] via 192.168.219.2, maximum of 1 retries
192.168.219.2 (192.168.219.2) IP HEADER
- Destination address: 192.168.219.2
DNS HEADER (send)
- Identifier: 0x351F
- Flags: 0x00 (Q )
- Opcode: 0 (Standard query)
- Return code: 0 (No error)
- Number questions: 1
- Number answer RR: 0
- Number authority RR: 0
- Number additional RR: 0
QUESTIONS (send)
- Queryname: (3)www(7)harvard(3)edu
- Type: 15 (unknown)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
DNS HEADER (recv)
- Identifier: 0x351F
- Flags: 0x8080 (R RA )
- Opcode: 0 (Standard query)
- Return code: 0 (No error)
- Number questions: 1
- Number answer RR: 1
- Number authority RR: 5
- Number additional RR: 4
QUESTIONS (recv)
- Queryname: (3)www(7)harvard(3)edu
- Type: 15 (unknown)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
ANSWER RR
- Domainname: (3)www(7)harvard(3)edu
- Type: 5 (CNAME)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 36
- Resource data: (3)www(7)harvard(3)edu(3)cdn(10)cloudflare(3)net
AUTHORITY RR
- Domainname: (10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 2 (NS)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 6
- Resource data: (3)ns3(10)cloudflare(3)net
AUTHORITY RR
- Domainname: (10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 2 (NS)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 6
- Resource data: (3)ns2(10)cloudflare(3)net
AUTHORITY RR
- Domainname: (10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 2 (NS)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 6
- Resource data: (3)ns1(10)cloudflare(3)net
AUTHORITY RR
- Domainname: (10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 2 (NS)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 6
- Resource data: (3)ns5(10)cloudflare(3)net
AUTHORITY RR
- Domainname: (10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 2 (NS)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 6
- Resource data: (3)ns4(10)cloudflare(3)net
ADDITIONAL RR
- Domainname: (3)ns3(10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 28 (unknown)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 16
- Resource data: 2400:cb00:2049:0001:0000:0000:c629:de1f
ADDITIONAL RR
- Domainname: (3)ns3(10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 1 (A)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 4
- Resource data: 198.41.222.31
ADDITIONAL RR
- Domainname: (3)ns2(10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 28 (unknown)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 16
- Resource data: 2400:cb00:2049:0001:0000:0000:c629:de83
ADDITIONAL RR
- Domainname: (3)ns2(10)cloudflare(3)net
- Type: 1 (A)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
- TTL: 5 (5s)
- Resource length: 4
- Resource data: 198.41.222.131
Got answer [received type is cname]
|\___ ns3.cloudflare.net [cloudflare.net] (2400:cb00:2049:0001:0000:0000:c629:de1f) IP HEADER
- Destination address: XXX
DNS HEADER (send)
- Identifier: 0x303A
- Flags: 0x00 (Q )
- Opcode: 0 (Standard query)
- Return code: 0 (No error)
- Number questions: 1
- Number answer RR: 0
- Number authority RR: 0
- Number additional RR: 0
QUESTIONS (send)
- Queryname: (3)www(7)harvard(3)edu
- Type: 15 (unknown)
- Class: 1 (Internet)
send_data/sendto: Network is unreachable